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Fumes released by industries cause significant air pollution and have the potentiality to damage the environment significantly. This causes health problems for individuals residing in that area. Apart from this, toxic industrial effluents contaminate soil in the region, making it unsuitable for growing crops. The carbon emission by a single industry is roughly equivalent to that emitted by thousands of vehicles. It causes problems in breathing and leads to respiratory and lung related diseases. While it might not be possible to curb industrial contamination totally, industrialists can control the degree of pollution to a great level by implementing appropriate water and air filtration methods. They need to implement these procedures as soon as possible, and before the damage caused by them becomes irreversible.
Controlling soot pollution
Installing filters in chimneys traps fine soot particles and prevents them from discharging into the air. It is also necessary to clean or replace these filters on a periodic basis. The amount of soot generated per day and the trapping capability of the filters determines their replacement time. Industrialists should check whether the filter they plan to employ meets HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) standards. This standard requires the filter to trap 99.97 of soot particles sized 0.3 m (the symbol for micrometer). One micrometer is equal to one millionth of a meter. One can also employ a water trap. This helps to trap most of the soot before it reaches the filter, thereby increasing its longevity.
On a typical basis, the gases emerging from an industrial unit should first pass through a room having a series of water sprinklers on its ceiling. The curtain of water generated by them mixes with the soot and forces it down to a reservoir in the form of sludge. The contaminated water then passes through a fine filter, which traps the sludge. A pump then propels the cleaned water back to the sprinkler. An air trap in the next room traps soot particles not trapped by the water filter. This enhances the life of the air filter and cuts down on overall maintenance costs. Although the basic principle remains the same, industries that generate toxic fumes should use chemicals mixed with water and different types of air filters for the water and air filtration rooms respectively. This method is best for drug industries and factories that manufacture acids, paints, plastic goods, chemicals, and other products that release fumes during the production process.
Consult an expert to help decide and set up a suitable air filtration system
If you plan to set up an industry, you should get in touch with an air filtration expert. The expert will provide you with information regarding the best air filtration system suitable for your factory, once you explain what you plan to manufacture and the different procedures required during the production process. They will also help you with the installation and testing process. Save your planet and protect your health and that of others by installing an air filtration unit in your industry today.